Vaccination is one of the most important advances in public health in recent centuries, and hundreds of vaccines have all but eradicated many of the infectious disease scourges of the past. But two recent college campus outbreaks of Meningitis B (MenB), which is caused by serotype B of a bacterium called Neisseria meningitidis, or meningococcus, show that more needs to be done. What we need right now is not scientific or technological ingenuity, but more enlightened and responsive government oversight.
Since the first MenB cases were reported at Princeton University nine months ago, the federal government has taken insufficient and piecemeal steps to stem the further spread of the highly contagious and potentially deadly disease. The second outbreak has occurred at the University of California, Santa Barbara over the past month. Twelve students in all have been infected. Worldwide, there are 20,000-80,000 cases of MenB annually, with a mortality rate of about 10 percent. Of those who survive, about one-fifth suffer from devastating permanent disabilities such as brain damage, deafness, or limb loss. One UCSB case is a freshman lacrosse player whose feet had to be amputated.
As students and administrators at UCSB have learned to their dismay, there is no approved MenB vaccine in the United States although one called Bexsero, manufactured by Novartis, has been approved by regulators in the European Union, Australia, and Canada, and is available in those countries. The same vaccine is in clinical trials in the United States, but characteristically, the FDA has slowed the testing and approval process, so officials at the affected campuses have been forced to appeal to the federal government for special permission to import and administer it.